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HIS 121: World Civilization I: How to Cite

This guide will provide additional resources for the students in Dr. Cieglo's World Civilization I course.


What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is simply using someone's work and not acknowledging or giving credit to the original author(s).

I am plagiarizing if I:

  • Intentionally duplicate or copy another person's work including copying directly from an article, book, or website
  • Copy another student's assignment(s)
  • Paraphrase another person's work, while making only minor changes and not changing the meaning or ideas presented by the original author(s)
  • Copy sections of another person's work and piece these sections together to create a new whole
  • Turn in an assignment that has been previously submitted for assessment and then take credit for the assignment
  • Turn in an assignment as independent work when the assignment was produced in whole or part in collusion with another student(s), tutor(s), or person(s)

For more information regarding Plagiarism visit:


Take the Plagiarism Quiz to see how much you know about plagiarism.

MLA Help Online

Citing Primary Sources from a Text-Book or Handout


Citing Primary Sources from a Text-Book or Handout
and Citing from a Lecture

Citing from Primary Sources in your Text-Book:


In the text of your paper, you should use parenthetical in-text citations according to the MLA format. The parenthetical citation should include the name of the primary source author as well as the page number for the citation. If you do not know the name of the author, replace the author’s name with the title of the document.


One later account of Chinggis Khan recounted how he used religious justifications for his conquests (Juvaini 493).

Works Cited:

In your works cited, put the name of the primary source author and the primary source title first. After that, list the information for the book in which the primary source was found, title first, then editor (s), etc.

The basic format is:

Last name of primary source author, first name. "Title of Primary Source." Title of

Container. Edited by editor’s name(s). Publisher, Year. Page range of entry.



Juviani. “The History of the World Conqueror.” Ways of the World: a Brief Global

History with Sources vol. I, 3rd edition. Edited by Robert W. Strayer and Eric W.

Nelson. Bedford/St. Martins, 2016. 492-493.


Citing Primary Sources from a Handout:


(Primary source author’s last name or short title pg. #)

For example: (Ibn al-Athir 2)

Works Cited:

Ibn al-Athir, Ali “The Complete History.” On The Tatars, 1220-1221 CE. World

Civilization I. (Professor Sarah Cieglo.) Manchester Community College,

Fall 2018.




Citing a Class Lecture (Academic Secondary Source):



NOTE: If you are using more than one slide set, put (Cieglo Title of Lecture) in-text.


Works Cited:

Cieglo, Sarah. "Title of PowerPoint Presentation/Lecture." World Civilization I, Fall

2018, Manchester Community College. Lecture.