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HIS 122: World Civilization II: How to Cite

This guide will serve as a resource to students in Dr. Cieglo's World Civilization II course who are researching World War I.

MLA Help Online


What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is simply using someone's work and not acknowledging or giving credit to the original author(s).

I am plagiarizing if I:

  • Intentionally duplicate or copy another person's work including copying directly from an article, book, or website
  • Copy another student's assignment(s)
  • Paraphrase another person's work, while making only minor changes and not changing the meaning or ideas presented by the original author(s)
  • Copy sections of another person's work and piece these sections together to create a new whole
  • Turn in an assignment that has been previously submitted for assessment and then take credit for the assignment
  • Turn in an assignment as independent work when the assignment was produced in whole or part in collusion with another student(s), tutor(s), or person(s)

For more information regarding Plagiarism visit:


Take the Plagiarism Quiz to see how much you know about plagiarism.

Citing Primary Sources from an Anthology


Citing Primary Sources from a Document Reader or Handout

Citing from a Document Reader (Use MLA 8 rules for “Containers”):


In the text of your paper, you should use parenthetical in-text citations according to the MLA format. The parenthetical citation should include the name of the primary source author as well as the page number for the citation. If you do not know the name of the author, replace the author’s name with the title of the document.


A German soldier stationed on the Western Front wrote that war “blunts one’s feelings” and that emotional indifference was necessary in trench-warfare (Müller 68).

Works Cited:

In your works cited, put the name of the primary source author and the primary source title first. After that, list the information for the book (“container”) in which the primary source was found, title first, then editor (s), etc.

The basic format is:

Last name of primary source author, first name. "Title of Primary Source." Title of Container.

Edited by editor’s name(s). Publisher, Year. Page range of entry.



Müller, Hugo. “Letter from a German Soldier on the Western Front.” The First World War: A Brief History with Documents. Edited by Susan Grayzel. Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013. 67-68.


Citing from a Handout:



(primary source author’s last name or short title pg. #)

For example: (DuBois 5) or (“Sergeant Henry Johnson’s Account” 3)


In the Works Cited:

Primary Source Author’s Name [last, first]. “Title of the Primary Source Being Cited.” African-Americans in World War I. World Civilization II: HIS 122. (Professor Sarah Cieglo.) Manchester Community College, Fall 2016.